In the provisions of the Turkish Criminal Code, criminal acts were subject to imprisonment or judicial sanctions. A judicial fine shall be decided by the trial court to decide whether the convict shall pay some money to the state treasury.
The judicial fine set out in Article 52 of the Turkish Penal Code shall be determined as less than 5 days and not more than 730 days in case of no contrary regulation in the law. Then, the number of days determined is multiplied by the amount between 20 TL and 100 TL considering the economic and other personal status of the person and the final penalty amount is determined.
Judge, economic and personal circumstances, taking into account the person to pay the fine for a period of not more than 1 year from the date of the verdict to pay the fine, this penalty may be paid in certain installments. In this case the installment period can not exceed 2 years and the amount of installments can not be less than 4 years.
The judicial fine shall be given to the Chief Public Prosecutor’s Office. The public prosecutor shall notify the convict to pay the judicial fine within 30 days. If the convicts cannot pay the judicial fine within a certain period upon the payment order being notified, it is decided to employ the public to work in public for one or two hours a day with the acceptance of the convict. In the event that the convict does not consent to work in the public service, the amount of the day corresponding to the portion not paid by the decision of the public prosecutor shall be converted into prison.
The daily working time is determined by the probation office with a minimum of two hours and a maximum of eight hours. In the event that the convict fails to comply with the program and the probationary statements in this context, the working days shall be deducted from imprisonment and the remainder shall be carried out in the open penitentiary institution.
The imprisonment penalty shall be imposed on the perpetrator until the number of days taken into account in calculating the fine. If the penal fines imposed in accordance with the special penal laws other than the Turkish Penal Code are not paid, the penal punishment is converted into a prison sentence of 100 TL, 1 day imprisonment.
The period of imprisonment instead of a judicial fine shall not exceed 3 years. However, it may not exceed 5 years if there is a conviction for judicial fines with more than one provision.
If the convict pays the money corresponding to the days outside the days of his imprisonment or working in public service, he shall be removed from jail or terminated in public service.